Haiti Reconstruction

Rebuilding Haiti must start from the ground up, with agricultural education

Water wells for Haiti

Most health problems in Haiti stem from drinking bad water.

Current shallow hand dug wells are polluted because they are open and contaminated water spills back into them. Ground water wells must be protected so they cannot become contaminated. Wells must have large cement pads and laws must be made to have no open pit latrines within 100 meters of the wells. Composting toilets are safe!

Many pumps break down too often where the water levels are getting too deep to pump with hand pumps.  HRI has looked at many possibilities for pumping water.  We are convinced the best way is solar power with DC current that needs no batteries.  They automatically turn off and on just pumps when the sun shines and water is needed most.

A strict ground water protection plan should implemented in all of Haiti.

All ground water wells must be protected from contamination from open wells or pit toilets that can seep through cracks. ONLY sealed wells with precautions for letting water return to wells should be installed.

Hand dug wells and open wells that use drop buckets are all contaminated! Water can only be used for drinking if it is filtered. Haiti Reconstruction does not recommend building these wells because there are many other ways to capture water.

New wells should only be built in areas that have vetiver hedgerows well established to replenish the water supply. Clean water from wells should be mainly for human construction. Rainwater should be collected or streams tapped to establish nurseries and use for irrigation.

Many areas in Haiti with ground water levels below 250 ft need submerged pumps. Today there are solar pumping systems that were designed for remote cattle locations that take little maintenance.

Solar powers worst drawback is normally the batteries and inverters but this pumping system needs nether!

Watch this great video by Grundfos pumps; It runs on DC power, starts automatically when the sun gets high enough and runs faster as it get brighter! When tank is full it huts off and holds water till the sunshines again. When it rains the need for water deminshes so the water never runs out when sized correctly. This sort of pump and solar panels have the littlest upkeep of all water wells.

To see specifications and prices of some solar pump kits: Click Here!

This enclosed building will protect the solar panels, take very little maintenance and runs by itself. It can also house a person who can collect a very some price per bucket of water for future wells in thier area. A small stipend is good to keep waist down and promote new programs

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If wells are run like a business with a water committee in charge in every village of Haiti they can increase the number by collecting the money that pays for maintenance and hopefully future water systems.

Click here to see Grundfos pumping system that is ideal for our remote villages that are too high above water tables to use hand pumps and have no other fuel sources to pump clean water.>

The system we are looking at must produce a minimum of 2200 gallons or 440 buckets of water a day. We are looking at a 1550 gallon plastic reservoir that can be cleaned periodically. The system automatically starts as the sun rises and shuts off when the tank reaches capacity. This will also make it easier to clean because it doesn't need such a large reserve of water.

Click here to see the Grundfos basic sizing guide for our needs.>

Fuel for the well in Gris Gris for 2 hrs per day to pump 2400 gallons of water takes 7.2 liters of Diesel which costs about $4usd X 365 days a year = $1460usd. Cost of Lister Petter HSL24 is $5638 without shipping, cost of 1050 watts of Solar Panels is $5130, cost of Pumps about the same. Here is a quote for entire system less well drilling and well itself. Quote and specs for Haiti.pdf

Of course these prices do not include the cost of digging the wells. If we charge the same price for water as in Gris Gris for fuel, these wells will bring in income for maintenance, paying the person for taking care and collecting for water and hopefully extra cash for more future solar wells.

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