Rebuilding Haiti must start from the ground up, with agricultural education
Most health problems in Haiti stem from drinking bad water.
Current shallow hand dug wells are polluted because they are open and contaminated water spills back into them. Ground water wells must be protected so they cannot become contaminated. Wells must have large cement pads and laws must be made to have no open pit latrines within 100 meters of the wells. Composting toilets are safe!
All ground water wells must be protected from contamination from open wells or pit toilets that can seep through cracks. ONLY sealed wells with precautions for letting water return to wells should be installed.
Hand dug wells and open wells that use drop buckets are all contaminated! Water can only be used for drinking if it is filtered. Haiti Reconstruction does not recommend building these wells because there are many other ways to capture water.
New wells should only be built in areas that have vetiver hedgerows well established to replenish the water supply. Clean water from wells should be mainly for human construction. Rainwater should be collected or streams tapped to establish nurseries and use for irrigation.
Many areas in Haiti with ground water levels below 250 ft need submerged pumps. Today there are solar pumping systems that were designed for remote cattle locations that take little maintenance.
Solar powers worst drawback is normally the batteries and inverters but this pumping system needs nether!
Watch this great video by Grundfos pumps; It runs on DC power, starts automatically when the sun gets high enough and runs faster as it get brighter! When tank is full it huts off and holds water till the sunshines again. When it rains the need for water deminshes so the water never runs out when sized correctly. This sort of pump and solar panels have the littlest upkeep of all water wells.
This enclosed building will protect the solar panels, take very little maintenance and runs by itself. It can also house a person who can collect a very some price per bucket of water for future wells in thier area. A small stipend is good to keep waist down and promote new programs
If wells are run like a business with a water committee in charge in every village of Haiti they can increase the number by collecting the money that pays for maintenance and hopefully future water systems.
The system we are looking at must produce a minimum of 2200 gallons or 440 buckets of water a day. We are looking at a 1550 gallon plastic reservoir that can be cleaned periodically. The system automatically starts as the sun rises and shuts off when the tank reaches capacity. This will also make it easier to clean because it doesn't need such a large reserve of water.
Fuel for the well in Gris Gris for 2 hrs per day to pump 2400 gallons of water takes 7.2 liters of Diesel which costs about $4usd X 365 days a year = $1460usd. Cost of Lister Petter HSL24 is $5638 without shipping, cost of 1050 watts of Solar Panels is $5130, cost of Pumps about the same. Here is a quote for entire system less well drilling and well itself. Quote and specs for Haiti.pdf
Of course these prices do not include the cost of digging the wells. If we charge the same price for water as in Gris Gris for fuel, these wells will bring in income for maintenance, paying the person for taking care and collecting for water and hopefully extra cash for more future solar wells.