Haiti Reconstruction

Rebuilding Haiti must start from the ground up, with agricultural education

Vetiver pellet mill & business opportunities!

 

Haiti Reconstruction International is now investing our main interest into turning vetiver grass into ENERGY.  

We will first start selling stoves in rural areas that will use biomass such as vetiver and  agriculture waste and tree trimmings from nitrogen fixing trees that we will be planting in between the  hedgerows that will save and rejuvenate the soil to produce more food.

This will also save trees and stop erosion, and our vetiver program really takes off we will have billions of vetiver plants producing tons of grass that can be used for biomass.

HRI has been looking for reasons to entice


Haitians to want to plant
 Vetiver and ways to subsidize those who plant it by those who will also benefit saving the Soil, filling the Aquifers, Reforesting the Mountainsides, keeping sediments off the reefs and mitigating hazards of frequent hurricanes.

Energy!Our first project building clean efficient cook stoves with the best and latest TLUD technology will be using agricultural waste and tree trimmings for
 rural areas.  We will also be making models that will be using pellets to replace the selling of charcoal in
 urban areas and eliminate the need for cutting trees!

But we need grass on all the mountainsides and this will create way more grass than we need for cook stoves.  Then we will develop small electrification generation plants for communities all over rural Haiti using vetiver grass in bio-digestion.   This process will also use humanure which will be the best way for sanitation eliminating Cholera bacteria and leaving great fertilizer.


Read more about Grass Energy from T H E G R A S S E N E R G Y C O L L A B O R A T I V E from Jock Gill

 

I just returned from our Formation Site at Arcahaie where Joel Ducasse has the largest vetiver nursery in the Caribbean.  He also has many other wonderful plants that need little cultivation which can be planted between the rows of vetiver on the mountainside the produce nitrogen and food!  Stove production equipment is there but we are still waiting for tons of sheet metal and pelletizers that are held up in customs.
Click here or also under 2 Replenish soil Reforest to see more on the plants for mountainside gardening, Joel Ducasse and Ketty Paquiot are multiplying a seed developed in IDIAF, Puerto Rico.

O'Yes I found one more use for vetiver since our training center is not built yet, vetiver made a very nice 5 ft. deep mattress under our tent!

 

Pelletizing machines make over 3 tons of pellets in 8 hours, 9 tons if you ran them all day.  They would have to be near a good road system for marketing product to urban areas.

Pellets would be sealed in bags to keep dry and can be transported in the same white bags on tap taps as they now transport and sell Charcoal. Chaboniers will be able to sell clean fuel, both physically and healthily as even breathing the dust shortens their lives.  The stove emissions are the lowest of the stoves available in Haiti. 

 

www.SmallPelletMill.com has developed a reasonably priced operation in the Czech Republic. 

Their Cutting grinder pellet mill RS 650 is designed for cutting and grinding straw, wood shavings and coarser sawdust for pellet production. It is also suitable for cutting and grinding straw for briquette production.

Grinds straw, sawdust, shavings, paper and bio waste.

The straw is finely cut by knives, then it is ground by special hammers, after that it is blown by staging blades outside the grinder to a distance of up to six metres. The grinding and cutting production depends on the type and humidity of the straw.

 

Paul Lawson with Lawson Mills Biomass Solutions from Canada sells their products in our part of the world

Cost for equipment shipping and to Port Au Prince from Halifax Canada, via container ship is 6400 CAD.
The Vetiver itself will pellet very well due to the oil content and the higher levels of lignin, just make sure they are below 15% moisture before grinding.
 
The cost of our system including the grinder(1000lbs/hr on dry material) would be 61,000 CAD (for the XT model - up to 900lb/hr of finished product) and 43,000 CAD (for the 72A -up to 400lb/hr finished product). Both systems include: Hopper with anti bridge, Feed auger, Conditioning arm with moisture injection system, Pellet mill with seam chamber, adjustable cutting knife and hardened die and roller (product specific die), Cooling drum and fines separator
These prices include setup and training at your facility (travel for one technician is extra). Or we can train your representatives at our facility in Charlottetown PE Canada.
 
We have extensive knowledge regarding grasses and the pelleting of various species from African reed to bagasse etc.etc.
 
These systems will run 24/7 and require little maintenance, these systems can be linked together for more production as your business grows, please see our web site for more details.
 
To start an investment like this there has to be a very good business plan.  It should start as a long term loan and they should be expected to pay back, although you could use this for reinvesting in the business and for maintenance expenses.
 
 Diesel portable pelletizer


Large highly automated pellet mill (not grass but could be)

Comment by Robert Fairchild on July 10, 2011 at 5:04pm
 Pelletizing grass may be too energy and capital intensive for Haiti. There is an interesting system developed in India by ARTI, Appropriate Rural Technology Institute. 
http://arti-africa.org/2010/07/charcoal/
Won an Ashden Award:
http://www.ashdenawards.org/winners/arti
Uses 55 gallon drums filled with loose dry biomass inside a larger sheet metal kiln. After pyrolization the material is mixed with a binder and extruded with a modified meat grinder as charcoal briquettes, which are then sun dried. This may prove to be a more advantageous way of turning vetiver grass and other light bulky biomass into cooking fuel. Simplifies the whole process by avoiding the need for baling and chopping/grinding and reduces the transportation significantly, (by transporting charcoal "sticks" instead of bulky grass). Apparently being used in Tanzania and Uganda as well.
 They also have a mini pyrolizer (basically a large TLUD) for smaller scale:
http://biochar.bioenergylists.org/artileafkiln
Unfortunately there doesn't seem to be any provision to use the excess heat for cooking, pasteurizing water, or drying of more biomass. A large TLUD (30 gallon drum inside 55 gallon drum?) could be used as the pyrolizer and for cooking and drying.


Comment by Mike Mahowald on July 10, 2011 at 10:16pm

I also have looked at retort pyrolizers as 55 gal barrels maybe as a bakery oven.

I think our best bet is to start in countryside just binding grass bundles but to send grass any distances they would have to densify it and this could be a good option.  If the heat from the retort ovens could be used to make electricity some day this would be a great solution.

Comment by Paul Gibson on August 10, 2015 at 11:13am

Are there any pellet mills currently in Haiti doing this? I noticed your post was from 4 years ago. 

Comment by Robert Fairchild on August 10, 2015 at 11:55am

Paul,

 Not as far as we know.

Joel Ducasse has a hammermill and pellet mill in Archahaie but last I was there (~2 years ago?) he wasn't using them.

 VivaRio has a big pelletizer (~2" pucks) in PaP but apparently isn't running it.

 There are several making charcoal briquettes/pucks fro charred ag residue.

Comment by Paul Gibson on August 10, 2015 at 12:25pm

Thanks for commenting back. The location where the village is that I went to had a great wind resource for a turbine to power the pellet mill and its location to port-au-prince is within a 30 min drive. I LOVE the idea of growing vetiver grass to make into pellets. The people in this village are great, hard working, kinds, eager to learn people. I would love to help give them a job and even test the product and process on this village of 2000 people to help them. If the product in Archahaie is not using them or do not want them, would they be interesting in selling equipment or passing along their knowledge to me?

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