Haiti Reconstruction

Rebuilding Haiti must start from the ground up, with agricultural education

Replenish the Soil and Reforest the Hillsides: Step 2

Nothing will replenish the soil like vetiver saves it but once it is saved we have to add neutriants and composition to hold moisture and micro-organizms.

To replenish soil use nitrogen fixing trees and plants, also we must let the people plant what they need between the vetiver rows.

  • Plant correct plants between the hedgerows for the terrain
  • Steepest slopes sould not be cultivated, these areas are great for goats to graze.
  • Shallow grades better for gardens, mix legumes with Pitimi, mayi etc.                      If you want to plant a vegtable garden or nursery behind the hedgerows you should add biochar with composted vegitation and humanure.
  • Once terraces established with heavy humas you can remove plants like leucaena and plant fruit trees that will flourish.
  • All land in Haiti is valuable and may be restored in time. Badly eroded slopes produce forage for goats and properly maintained soil will someday hold enough moisture to plant fruit trees.

  • Between the hedgerows: We need to give the farmers a choice of selected plants and/or trees suitable for their land that both fix the soil and what they want to plant.

  • We promote benzolive and perenial legumes but these must be kept trimmed short both for sunlight and more forage for animals and soil.  The sticks when leaves fall off and are dry can be picked up for cooking fuel. 

  • ORE is a great resource in Haiti to help them decide what is sutable to plant between their rows

  • It may also be possible to intercrop nitrogen-fixing legumes with corn or millet etc. Since seasons are short in Haiti, they may produce more crops if they alternate seasons according to the rainfall and sunlight.

    Which plants and trees depend on the amount of rainfall in the area and the degree of slope.

    Seasonally most slopes are likely to be able to grow beans of some kind, which is great for land and human consumption.

    benzolive spacing with vetiver

    The best small tree to plant is Benzolive (Moringa) It is full of vitamins and iron good totally edible and great for increased milk production in cattle. Best kept short for new tender growth that is more palatable in salads and won’t stifle vetiver growth.

    Click here to Read more about its healthy benifits on this page!

     

  • Where there seems to be enough moisture and nutrients in deep soil citrus trees may be possible on mild slopes.

    On severely eroded land on steep slopes, they should plant vetiver hedgerows spaced 2 meters vertical. It may be possible to plant leucaena or benzolive between rows 75 centameters apart if they keep them cut short. Land like this is the best area to eventually re-establish large trees

     

  • Once vetiver is firmly established Mahogany trees. Neem or Che'ne can be planted far enough apart to leave sunlight.

  • Leucaena trees are preferred to reestablish the soil first because the leaves produce a lot of protein and will collect below in the grasses to speed up the healing of the land and the roots fix the nitrogen in the soil.  These trees can be removed when soil is established for reforestation of larger trees.

    These are the strong long roots that holds the earth and moisture.

    leucaena spacing with vetiver

    On poor soil not quite as bad but fairly steep space vetiver space vetiver 2 or 4 meters vertical and plant Leucaena as shown keeping cut back so animals can reach and sun shines on vetiver.

    Other trees in very arid areas that not much grows, you could center Prosopis juliflora or Flamboyant Trees if they really need wood for charcoal.

    Check out other plants people need on Tabs below this 2nd step page

© 2017   Created by Mike Mahowald.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service

} }