Rebuilding Haiti must start from the ground up, with agricultural education
HRI: Dedicated to fòmasyon of Haitians to run sustainable businesses that conserve resources, improve food security and health.
Elice Oreste; University graduate student living in Port-au-Prince from LaBiche. HRI's man on the ground who keeps our projects alive in Haiti.
Elice is an industrial engineer, speaks English and knows our programs on agricultural development and conservation. As leader for Haiti Reconstruction Int'l, he may be available for hire as an interpreter for our projects in Haiti. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Click here for Video: Secretary of State announcing a $50 million U.S. commitment the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, intended to provide poor families with affordable, safe, and efficient stoves and ovens.
New Le Systeme Vetiver handbook in French, Click here
Laws must be enacted but civilians must understand they must protect their countryside if they want to survive.We must find NGO's to sell locally grown agriculture products for school lunch programs to produce a healthy new generation of strong minds and grow their economy.
Haiti Reconstruction International is hoping to improve Haiti and the entire world! Our new and most important project will distribute resources to the people who need it the most as they conserve natural resources. This is all possible; if we can get funding.
There are many great causes and thousand of people working to improve living conditions. Groups conserving and improving soil, finding clean water, mitigating hurricane destruction, saving the rain forests, cleaning indoor air with new cook stoves & ovens, feeding the poor & stopping world hunger, reducing carbon emissions & taking carbon out of the atmosphere, reducing radical weather patterns.
Our program encompasses and will improve all of these world problems given a chance.
If we can get funding for this program all of our groups will benefit.
Our program would be successful because: We know that money fuels change.
Energy is money and when we turn vetiver into energy those who sell the energy can become self-sufficient. HRI believes giving opportunities to the poor not handouts that can create dependencies. We believe in training and loans for small businesses is instrumental in development. But we need start up funding, grants and cooperation from governments to make change happen.
Grass to Energy requires the best technology to make money. It is possible to make biogas from grass in two ways: Fermenation; making sludge waste capturing gas in domes or Heat Gasification that changes molecules separating gases leaving carbon.
We need to start with portable energy in order to make pellets for clean burning cook stoves that also make biochar. So we will be using gasification units with air scrubbers to clean gas to burn in internal combustion engines that run the generator that will produce electricity to make pellets.
HRI has been collaborating with, the Renewable Energy Center , Hudson Valley Grass Energy and Cornell University. We all will use Green Energy technology for making vetiver pellets for stoves and electrification. We are shipping vetiver from Alabama to Cornell University who will be testing it for fuel capability and making it into pellets. Cornell is the leading institution on developing grass for fuel, field crops and forages and business management.
Many groups are making TLUD and Rocket type stoves but the real problem is still finding fuel.
HRI feels the lack of trees, even sticks and trimmings are hard to find for cooking fuel. It is so severe in Haiti we need a substitute like grass pellets for the entire country.
We know grinding vetiver grass and making them into pellets will cost more than making briquettes by hand. But we also know that making briquettes will take too long and not be excepted by the entire county.
The need to make the pellets cheaper is critical but we know that gasification of grass can be used instead of buying diesel fuel. The benefits of using this modern technology will propel the economy helping those who need it most.
Farmers and villagers are poor buying diesel fuel to run their wells and haul produce down the mountains.
If we get funding for start up we can get electricity from grass to villages on top of the mountains. I will pay back for itself and bring money back to the top of the mountain for people who are growing vetiver grass and saving the ecology.
We have been looking for equipment that can be used all over the world in remote areas. But we will add a gasifier to fuel a generator that will burn vetiver grass instead of diesel fuel on our pelletizing semi-trailer.
Pelleting equipment will also be used for making animal pellet supplements. Making them from a combination of moringa, indigofera, vetiver & guinea grass with magnesium oxide, minerals and even worming medicine may be added.
Please watch this great video and see what they are doing in Tanzania. The problems of clean water and not enough rain is so similar in Haiti and most all 3rd world countries. Our program will change all these these throughout the world. We also love solar cooking but the sun doesn't always shine and many return to charcoal. Grass pellets will replace charcoal since it will be cleaner, easier and even cheaper. It will save lives! Once vetiver hedgerows are well established they will find clean water so much easier to come by. The horizontal rows will capture water and can be used for irrigating the garden on the next tier bellow. The ground waters will rise in wells since it will have tome to settle down the roots captured behind he vetiver hedgerows.
This next video is really great, but at the end of the video instead of planting trees that will mostly die during dry season and will not stop erosion. They should start by planting vetiver hedgerows where soil has washed out on mountainsides.
because we feel it is the most important need in Haiti and most of 3rd world countries.
WHY VETIVER GRASS:
HRI team just returned from Haiti with a very successful mission; installing the new technology institutional sized cook stoves capable of boiling 60 liter pots. They demonstrated by cooking 70 lbs of rice and 30 pounds of dried beans with a sauce with onions garlic and sardines which fed over 250 people large helpings!
The excess heat also heats a large oven which holds 5- 18"x26" sheet pans to make bread. Ladies who previously heated with a campfire on 3 cooking stones could not believe how clean the stoves burned and everyone want to start a business selling stoves.
The health of those using the stoves will improve 100%.
Our Tlud technology uses the energy but takes carbon out of the atmosphere leaving the carbon in the combustion chamber. This carbon we call biochar will be put back into the soil to grow more food. Taking carbon out of the atmosphere also reduces the greenhouse effect which should decrease severe weather. Our goal is to eliminate the use of charcoal and cutting down mature trees, replacing dried vetiver grass leaves which will be compressed into pellets to sell at the markets for stove fuel.
HRI will continue promoting establishing more vetiver hedgerow and manage the soil and crops between the rows.
We also introduced them to composting toilets, starting a pilot program for families in rural mountain areas. We selected 6 families to use 5 gallon bucket toilet system. Our pilot program will be using established vetiver hedgerows that will keep humanure in place while thermophilically eradicate pathogens. They will be lining live hedgerows with dry vetiver grass, piling deposit behind it then covering more dry grass around and over composting humanure. This dry vetiver will be our dry carbon content that will keep flies and smells away and as more deposits are made it will be composting into more fertilizer. After a year of curing the compost it will be safe for gardens. Once this group of 6 have perfected the program we will give it to the entire community and share it with the nation. Click this ling to see what we are working at Family%20composting%20toilet%20Pilot%20program.docx
The biochar from stoves will be put into buckets that will be used for latrines for urine. The carbon eliminates the smell until it is completely saturated. This inoculated biochar will be added to the cured soil. Microorganisms will quickly find a home in the biochar and this dirt will soon turn into terra-preta the best soil on earth to produce more food.
In the terraces safely protected by the hedgerows Adding biochar from the stoves to the fertilizer made from humanure will produce terra pretta, the best soil in the world to produce more food.
IMPORTANT MUST READ ARTICLE:
Soil nutrient management in Haiti, pre-Columbus to the present day: lessons for future agricultural interventions
Bargout and Raizada, Agriculture & Food Security 2013, 2:11
Recommendations for technical interventions
A large number of tree planting projects already exist in Haiti, warranting the expansion and diversification of Haiti’s agricultural development toolkit. By comparing soil interventions in Haiti with interventions that have been effective elsewhere (see above and relevant references), we have identified numerous technical intervention gaps, the most important being inadequate farmer training (extension) in the area of soil management, and a lack of technical support for crops that could directly or indirectly enrich the soil. Below we identify 20 possible interventions.
In terms of farmer training, workshops that teach the following cost-effective methods may prove to be effective:
conservation farming principles, as exemplified by the ancient Taino people, that include preventing the soil from ever being bare, including the use of cover crops;
improved manuring/composting strategies to build up soil organic matter;
erosion control using living barriers grown from non-invasive grass seed;
tied-ridge land preparation to prevent soil erosion and promote in situ water and nutrient conservation;
cost-efficient fertilizer application strategies including microdosing; and
improved agronomic practices for legume-cereal intercrops
(for example, optimized intercrop spacing to prevent leaf shading; improved crop rotation). With respect to soil-enriching crops, Haitian farmers might benefit from technical support as follows:
establishment or improvement of a national seed bank to promote cultivar selection and breeding of legumes (plus cereals and vegetables), perhaps building upon the BZEDF Seeds for Haiti Creole Seed Bank (see above);
selection and breeding of legumes that require a shorter growing season and provide greater resistance to disease, pests and drought (cowpea is especially drought-tolerant and pest/disease-resistant);
selection of dry season weeds to produce candidate cover crops that have potential as nutritious animal feed, and that exhibit symbiotic nitrogen fixation to enrich soils and protect hillsides from erosion during the transition between the dry and rainy seasons;
establishment of nurseries to enable large-scale distribution of seeds, including for legumes and cover crops;
low-cost tools to help with seed planting, weeding and post-harvest processing in order to reduce female drudgery;
improvements to pastures to improve livestock feed and subsequent manure, and to provide labor to support land preparation practices that promote CF, including indigenous practices to reduce erosion;
testing and sale of micronutrient fertilizers such as molybdenum, which in deficient soils can cost effectively promote organic nitrogen production (nitrogen fixation) by legumes;
testing and sale of microbial inoculants (such as Rhizobium) to improve organic nitrogen production, optimized separately for the major Haitian legume cultivars;
testing and sale of effective pesticides for coating onto legume seeds prior to planting, to reduce costs and ecological damage associated with field spraying;
low-oxygen storage bags (for example, GrainPro Superbag, Purdue Cowpea Storage Bag) to prevent pest damage to legume seeds (and cereal grains) during storage.
Additional areas that could benefit Haitian soils include:
making available smaller, more affordable bags of fertilizer rather than the current 100 lb bags;
improved access to appropriate fertilizer formulations optimized for each major crop;
vermiculture as an alternative source for local organic manure; and finally,
promotion of products that reduce cooking time such as improved cooking stoves, pressure cookers, and cooking oil from local plants. Of course, what is truly needed is an expanded national program to increase the availability of propane to replace wood as the major source for cooking fuel in Haiti.
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